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Bandy ist eine Ball- und Mannschaftssportart, die auf Eis ausgetragen wird. Bandy ist der Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey und wird heute vor allem in Nord- und Osteuropa sowie in Nordamerika betrieben. Erfolgreichstes Nationalteam ist die. Bandy ist eine Ball- und Mannschaftssportart, die auf Eis ausgetragen wird. Bandy ist der Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey und wird heute vor allem in Nord-. Bandy bezeichnet: den Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey; siehe Bandy (Sport); das Kinderinstrument Triola. Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bandy (Georgia). Bandy. Eishockeyspiel mit Ball, Vorgänger des Eishockeyspiels mit der Scheibe (Kanadisches Eishockey). Spielfeldausmaße und Spielregeln sowie die. Abgesehen davon, dass es auf Eis ausgetragen und mit einem Schläger gespielt wird, enden damit allerdings die Ähnlichkeiten. Vielmehr erinnert der Sport.
In der russischen Bandy-Föderation unter Präsident Boris Skrynnik gebe es seit Jahren viele Skandale, schrieb "Sport-Ekspress". Bandy bezeichnet: den Vorläufer des heutigen Eishockey; siehe Bandy (Sport); das Kinderinstrument Triola. Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bandy (Georgia). Bandy. Eishockeyspiel mit Ball, Vorgänger des Eishockeyspiels mit der Scheibe (Kanadisches Eishockey). Spielfeldausmaße und Spielregeln sowie die.
Bandy Sport VideoBenachrichtige mich über neue Beiträge via E-Mail. Die Entwicklung des Bandysports wurde mit dem Ersten Weltkrieg zunächst gestoppt. Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird read more veröffentlicht. Der Ball mit einem Kern aus Click ist aus leuchtend rotem oder gelbem Kunststoff und hat ungefähr sieben Zentimeter Durchmesser. Jahrhunderts ist die Existenz des Bandyspiels in annähernd der heutigen Form nachweisbar. Ab gehörte das Duell Mobile Games St. Vorläufer des Bandy gab es schon im Mittelalter. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Zu Bandy-Hochburgen entwickelten sich vor allem Cambridgeshire und Lincolnshire. Danach verbreitete sich das Spiel rasch in Europa, nicht zuletzt durch die Pioniertätigkeit von C.
Bandy , also called Banty , a game similar to ice hockey. It is played almost exclusively in the Scandinavian countries, the Baltic countries, and Mongolia.
A team is composed of from 8 to 11 players who wear skates and use curved sticks to hit a ball. Rink size varies but is characteristically larger than an ice hockey rink about by 55 m [ by 60 yards].
The goalie does not use a stick but, alone among the players, can touch the ball with his hands. There are two halves of 45 minutes each, and play commences at the centre circle.
Unlike hockey, no play is allowed behind the goals. The use of a ball instead of a flat puck makes bandy faster than hockey.
Free strokes are given for penalties, such as for going over the midline. Free substitution is permitted. Each team has 11 players, one of whom is a goalkeeper.
The offside rule is also employed. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner. If both teams have scored an equal number of goals, then, with some exceptions, the game is a draw.
The primary rule is that the players other than the goalkeepers may not intentionally touch the ball with their heads, hands or arms during play.
Although players usually use their sticks to move the ball around, they may use any part of their bodies other than their heads, hands or arms and may use their skates in a limited manner.
Heading the ball results in a five-minute penalty. In typical game play, players attempt to propel the ball toward their opponents' goal through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling , passing the ball to a teammate, and taking shots at the goal, which is guarded by the opposing goalkeeper.
Opposing players may try to regain control of the ball by intercepting a pass or through tackling the opponent who controls the ball.
However, physical contact between opponents is limited. Bandy is generally a free-flowing game, with play stopping only when the ball has left the field of play, or when play is stopped by the referee.
After a stoppage, play can recommence with a free stroke, a penalty shot or a corner stroke. If the ball has left the field along the sidelines, the referee must decide which team touched the ball last, and award a restart stroke to the opposing team, just like football's throw-in.
The rules do not specify any player positions other than goalkeeper,  but a number of player specialisations have evolved.
Broadly, these include three main categories: forwards, whose main task is to score goals; defenders, who specialise in preventing their opponents from scoring; and midfielders, who take the ball from the opposition and pass it to the forwards.
Players in these positions are referred to as outfield players, to discern them from the single goalkeeper. These positions are further differentiated by which side of the field the player spends most time in.
For example, there are central defenders, and left and right midfielders. The ten outfield players may be arranged in these positions in any combination for example, there may be three defenders, five midfielders, and two forwards , and the number of players in each position determines the style of the team's play; more forwards and fewer defenders would create a more aggressive and offensive-minded game, while the reverse would create a slower, more defensive style of play.
While players may spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on player movement, and players can switch positions at any time.
The layout of the players on the pitch is called the team's formation , and defining the team's formation and tactics is usually the prerogative of the team's manager s.
There are eighteen rules in official play, designed to apply to all levels of bandy, although certain modifications for groups such as juniors, veterans or women are permitted.
The rules are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game.
Each team consists of a maximum of 11 players excluding substitutes , one of whom must be the goalkeeper. A team of fewer than eight players may not start a game.
Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to play the ball with their hands or arms, and they are only allowed to do so within the penalty area in front of their own goal.
Though there are a variety of positions in which the outfield non-goalkeeper players are strategically placed by a coach, these positions are not defined or required by the rules of the game.
The positions and formations of the players in bandy are virtually the same as the common association football positions and the same terms are used for the different positions of the players.
A team usually consists of defenders, midfielders and forwards. The defenders can play in the form of centre-backs, full-backs and sometimes wing-backs, midfielders playing in the centre, attacking or defensive, and forwards in the form of centre forward, second strikers and sometimes a winger.
Sometimes one player is also taking up the role of a libero. Any number of players may be replaced by substitutes during the course of the game.
Substitutions can be performed without notifying the referee and can be performed while the ball is in play. However, if the substitute enters the ice before his teammate has left it, this will result in a five-minute ban.
A team can bring at the most four substitutes to the game and one of these is likely to be an extra goalkeeper. A game is officiated by a referee, the authority and enforcer of the rules, whose decisions are final.
The referee may have one or two assistant referees. A secretary outside of the field often takes care of the match protocol. The basic equipment players are required to wear includes a pair of Bandy skates , a helmet , a mouth guard and, in the case of the goalkeeper, a face guard.
The teams must wear uniforms that make it easy to distinguish the two teams. The goal keeper wears distinct colours to single him out from his or her teammates, just as in football.
The skates , sticks and any tape on the stick must be of another colour than the bandy ball , which shall be orange or cerise.
In addition to the aforementioned, various protections are used to protect knees, elbows, genitals and throat.
The pants and gloves may contain padding. The stick used in bandy is an essential part of the sport. It should be made of an approved material such as wood or a similar material and should not contain any metal or sharp parts which can hurt the surrounding players.
Sticks are crooked and are available in five angles, where 1 has the smallest bend and 5 has the most. Bend 4 is the most common size in professional bandy.
Centered at each shortline is a 3. A centre-line is drawn through the centre spot parallel with the shortlines.
The dotted line can be replaced with a 0. A standard adult bandy match consists of two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves.
Each half runs continuously, meaning the clock is not stopped when the ball is out of play; the referee can, however, make allowance for time lost through significant stoppages as described below.
There is usually a minute half-time break. The end of the match is known as full-time. The referee is the official timekeeper for the match, and may make an allowance for time lost through substitutions, injured players requiring attention, or other stoppages.
This added time is commonly referred to as stoppage time or injury time , and must be reported to the match secretary and the two captains.
The referee alone signals the end of the match. If it is very cold or if it is snowing, the match can be broken into thirds of 30 minutes each.
At the extremely cold World Championship some matches were played in four periods of 15 minutes each and with extra long breaks in between.
In the World Championships the two halves can be 30 minutes each for the nations in the B division. In league competitions games may end in a draw, but in some knockout competitions if a game is tied at the end of regulation time it may go into extra time, which consists of two further minute periods.
If the score is still tied after extra time, the game will be replayed. As an alternative, the extra two times minutes may be played as "golden goal" which means the first team that scores during the extra-time wins the game.
If both extra periods are played without a scored goal, a penalty shootout will settle the game. The teams shoot five penalties each and if this doesn't settle the game, the teams shoot one more penalty each until one of them misses and the other scores.
Under the rules, the two basic states of play during a game are ball in play and ball out of play.
From the beginning of each playing period with a stroke-off a set strike from the centre-spot by one team until the end of the playing period, the ball is in play at all times, except when either the ball leaves the field of play, or play is stopped by the referee.
When the ball becomes out of play, play is restarted by one of six restart methods depending on how it went out of play:.
If the time runs out while a team is preparing for a free-stroke or penalty, the strike should still be made but it must go into the goal by one shot to count as a goal.
Similarly, a goal made via a corner stroke should be allowed, but it must be executed using only one shot in addition to the strike needed to put the ball in play.
Free-strokes can be awarded to a team if a player of the opposite team breaks any rule, for example, by hitting with the stick against the opponent's stick or skates.
Free-strokes can also be awarded upon incorrect execution of corner-strikes, free-strikes, goal-throws, and so on. Rather than stopping play, the referee may allow play to continue when its continuation will benefit the team against which an offence has been committed.
This is known as "playing an advantage". The referee may "call back" play and penalise the original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue within a short period of time, typically taken to be four to five seconds.
Even if an offence is not penalised because the referee plays an advantage, the offender may still be sanctioned see below for any associated misconduct at the next stoppage of play.
If a defender violently attacks an opponent within the penalty area, a penalty shot is awarded. Certain other offences, when carried out within the penalty area, result in a penalty shot provided there is a goal situation.
These include a defender holding or hooking an attacker, or blocking a goal situation with a lifted skate, thrown stick or glove and so on.
Also, the defenders with the exception of the goal-keeper are not allowed to kneel or lie on the ice.
The final offences that might mandate a penalty shot are those of hitting or blocking an opponent's stick or touching the ball with the hands, arms, stick or head.
If any of these actions is carried out in a non-goal situation, they shall be awarded with a free-stroke from one of the free-stroke spots at the penalty area line.
A penalty shot should always be accompanied by a 5 or 10 minutes penalty see below. If the penalty results in a goal, the penalty should be considered personal meaning that a substitute can be sent in for the penalised player.
This does not apply in the event of a red card see below. A ten-minute penalty is indicated through the use of a blue card and can be caused by protesting or behaving incorrectly, attacking an opponent violently or stopping the ball incorrectly to get an advantage.
The third time a player receives a penalty, it will be a personal penalty, meaning he or she will miss the remainder of the match. A substitute can enter the field after five or ten minutes.
A full game penalty can be received upon using abusive language or directly attacking an opponent and means that the player can neither play nor be substituted for the remainder of the game.
A match penalty is indicated through the use of a red card. The offside rule effectively limits the ability of attacking players to remain forward i.
This rule is in effect just like that of soccer. Currently, 27 members are a part. It was held every two years starting in , and every year since Currently the record number of countries participating in the World Championships is twenty Since the number of countries playing bandy is not large, every country which can set up a team is welcome to take part in the World Championship.
The quality of the teams varies; however, with only six nations, Sweden, the Soviet Union , Russia, Finland , Norway, and Kazakhstan , having won medals allowing for the fact that Russia's team took over from the Soviet Union in In February , Sweden won the first World Championship for women , hosted in Finland , without conceding a goal.
In the women's World Championship Russia won, for the first time toppling the Swedes from the throne. In Sweden took the title back.
In the tournament was played in a totally Asian country for the first time when Chengde in China hosted it. The same goes for the men's tournament the area north and west of the Ural River is located in Europe, thus Kazakhstan is a transcontinental country , when Harbin hosted the Division B tournament.
There are also Youth Bandy World Championships in different age groups for boys and young men and in one age group for girls. The oldest group is the under 23 championship, Bandy World Championship Y Bandy is recognized by the International Olympic Committee , and was played as a demonstration sport at the Winter Olympics in Oslo.
However, it has yet to officially be played at the Olympics. Compared with the seven Winter Olympic sports , bandy's popularity across the globe is considered by the International Olympic Committee to have a, "gap between popularity and participation and global audiences", which is a roadblock into future Olympic inclusion.
At the Asian Winter Games , open to members of the Olympic Council of Asia , men's bandy was included for the first time.
Three teams contested the inaugural competition, and Kazakhstan won the gold medal. President Nursultan Nazarbayev attended the final.
There was no bandy competition at the Asian Winter Games in Japan. Bandy made its debut at the Winter Universiade during the Games.
Originally a six team tournament for men and a four team tournament for women were planned to be held.
There is a chance for participation also in In fact International University Sports Federation expects it to happen. The World Championships should not be confused with the annual World Cup in Ljusdal , Sweden, which has been played annually since the s and is the biggest bandy tournament for elite level club teams.
It is played indoors in Sandviken since because Ljusdal has no indoor arena. Belarusian Bandy Federation.
Canada Bandy. Chinese Ice Hockey Association. Eesti Jääpalliliit. American Bandy Association. Suomen Jääpalloliitto. Bandy Federation of India.
Bandy Federation of Ireland. Federazione Italiana Bandy. Japan Bandy Federation. Kazakhstan Bandy Federation.